God had been preparing Samuel in secret for decades. Preparing him to influence Israel towards obedience and unity. Here we see one man’s influence by faith and prayer bring victory, that would influence kings.
For seven months the Philistines possessed Israel’s ark of the covenant which disobedient Israel lost on the battlefield. God and God alone demonstrated that He did not lose, but He recovered the ark to prove it.
Israel goes to battle the Philistines. Suffering an initial defeat, the people call the ark of the covenant to the battlefield. Again defeated, men slaughtered, the ark lost, Eli and sons die, the glory departs in judgment
Before Samuel was called to be a prophet in Israel, there was no widespread revelation from the Lord. That all changes now that God calls Samuel and gives him his first prophecy: a severe rebuke to the high priest.
Hannah’s poem of praise to God is published by her son Samuel. The wicked sons of Eli are condemned, and in stark contrast, young Samuel is shown as a servant. A prophet of God rebuke Eli because of his sons