Again the religious leaders came in attempt to discredit and trap Jesus in His words. Again He silences them with reason from the Scripture so that the coalition against Him and the questions they hurled backfired.
After the Lord silenced challengers to His authority and put them on defense in the exchange, He intensified His attack and used the vineyard metaphor from Isa 5 to point out the criminal behavior of Israel’s leaders.
As Jesus enters the temple grounds, while He walked and taught, the Jewish officials confront Him about His authority (they hated Him). He responded with a question, which they dared not answer, silencing them.
Using the occasion of His cursing a barren fig tree, and the parallels between the tree and Israel, He said trust God and pray without doubt to move the immovable. He then warned of rules in prayer: forgive or else.
Christ showed His dissatisfaction of the nation Israel in His cursing a fig tree that promised fruit but produced none. It was a prophetic parallel. Then, at the temple, again He drove out cheaters; then taught the people.